Glossary I-P

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I

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IME
— (Independent Medical Examination) An examination arranged by a third-party payer which is theoretically designed to impartially evaluate a practice member’s disability or another doctor’s diagnosis or treatment plan.

Impairment
— A loss, alteration or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function.

Inferior
— Lower in position.

Inflammation
— A reaction of soft tissue due to injury that may include malfunction, discomfort, rise in temperature, swelling and increased blood supply.

Interference
— Damage or deficit to the nervous system.

Intervertebral Disc
— Fibrocartilage padding between vertebral bodies that act as a shock absorber, with a pulpy centre that acts as a ball-bearing.

Intervertebral Foramina
— The lateral opening through which spinal nerve roots exit the spinal column.

L

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Lateral
— The side view of the body.

Lien
— A creditor’s claim against assets to secure a debt.

Lipping
— The development of a bony outgrowth.

Listing
— A system used to describe the motion or position of vertebral segments in relation to adjacent vertebral segments.

Lordosis
— From the side, the forward curve of the spine, found in the cervical and lumbar spine.

Lumbar
— The vertebrae of the lower back, usually five bones.

N

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Neural Canal
— The opening in the spine through which the spinal cord passes.

Neurological
— Pertaining to the nervous system.

Neurologist
— Medical doctor whose practice focus is on the function of the nervous system.

Nucleus Pulposus
— The gelatinous mass in the centre of the intervertebral disc.

O

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Objective Complaints
— What the doctor finds by examination.

Oblique
— Slanting; diagonal.

Occipital
— Pertaining to the back of the head.

Orthopedics
— Pertaining to the correction or prevention of deformities of the musculoskeletal system.

Osteopathy
— A medical therapy that emphasizes manipulative procedures, uses medication or surgery, and specializes in various areas of medicine.

P

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Palpation
— Examining the spine with your fingers; the art of feeling with the hand.

Pathology
— A disease process.

Pathophysiology
— A malfunction of the body system(s) and/or spine.

Pediatrics
— The care of infants and children and the treatment of their diseases.

Peripheral Nervous System
— The nervous system that connects the central nervous system with every cell, tissue and organ of the body.

Physiology
— The biological science of essential and characteristic life processes, activities and functions; the vital processes of an organism.

Physiotherapy
— Treatment with physical and mechanical means, such as massage, electricity, etc.

Posterior
— Toward the back of the body.

Post-examination
— An examination used to monitor the healing process and the practice member’s progress toward recovery.

Preventive Care
— Health care that focuses on early detection and treatment in an attempt to reduce costs.

Prognosis
— A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease or the likelihood of recovery from a disease.

Prone
— Lying horizontally with the face downward.

PT
Physical therapy.

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